For those of you not aware, earlier this month Dr. Larycia Hawkins was suspended from Wheaton College for the following statement.
I am not, here, going to rehash the details of this incident or offer analysis on a biblical or theological basis. I have already offered those thoughts elsewhere, if you are interested you can find my them here.
I would, however, like to take a moment to highlight a very interesting quote from Wheaton College president, Philip Ryken. This quote occurred in a May 14, 2014, article on Christianity Today’s website entitled “Should Christian Colleges Let Female Faculty Teach Men the Bible?” The piece centers around the incredibly troubling restrictions Cedarville University places upon female faculty.
Here is Ryken’s response:
Now, I want to take a moment to juxtapose that statement from a year and a half ago with a more recent statement from Wheaton College and Ryken himself on Dr. Hawkins’ suspension.
Here is what Wheaton has said:
And here is a direct quote from Ryken:
I think we need to ask the question:
If Ryken considers issues of doctrinal differences for the local church to decide, why has Dr. Hawkins been suspended?
These statements put side by side indicates that Wheaton most certainly considers this an issue of doctrinal dispute. So, I ask, is there anything in the Faith Statement or Community Covenant of Wheaton that seems to prohibit Dr. Hawkins’ actions?
You can decide for yourself, but I don’t see it. She has defended her position and argued Christ is the only way to fully understand God.
It seems to me something doesn’t add up with this whole situation. I find it interesting that Ryken hisself has stated it isn’t about her headdress. Why has he attempted to separate the symbolic action from the message it is meant to represent for Dr. Hawkins?
I would point out that Ryken has a history of association with groups that oppose women in ordination and full-time vocational ministry as lead pastors teaching men. In fact, he is currently a presiding council member of The Gospel Coalition. In the past Ryken has contributed seven articles to The Gospel Coalition’s blog site since being chosen as Wheaton’s president (though the most recent was in 2013).
Perhaps most interesting is that, upon Ryken’s appointment as president of Wheaton College in 2010, TGC’s Justin Taylor wrote an article in which he stated:
It is hard to overstate what good news this is, making me quite hopeful for the future of Wheaton.
He even advised that persons looking to pray for Ryken and the future of Wheaton College use an article by Jon Piper as a guide to pray for the school. In this article, Piper advise we pray that all seminaries consider “Who is sufficient for these things?” when deciding how to allow their students to pursue ministry.
Given Jon Piper’s position on women in leadership over men I think it is safe to say that Ryken was/is fully expected to make Wheaton a TGC friendly school.
With this in mind, it is notable, as I see it, notable to this discussion that Dr. Hawkins chose actions which placed her firmly as a woman assuming a symbol of feminine identity common to another religion. She chose to make her statement of solidarity – one speaking on the theological similarities of Christianity and Islam – by assuming a distinctly female symbol.
I also consider it notable that other faculty members who voiced a similar opinion in the midst of this controversy have all been reinstated. This is strange since it has been intimated that Dr. Hawkins clarification satisfied Wheaton’s Provost, yet she has been kept on administrative leave.
As such, given the juxtaposition of the statements above, it seems disingenuous to say this isn’t about the hijab. Dr. Hawkins choice of headdress is, as Hawkins herself has stated, an act of theological praxis – she is “giving feet to her faith”. Her words and actions cannot, in any real sense, be separated.
Thus, in my opinion, it seem that by making herself a symbol of solidarity in suffering by wearing a hijab, removing the hijab would be tantamount to recanting her statement of solidarity. Regardless of the double speak Wheaton has engaged in, it appears this always has been and will continue to be about the hijab.
If this is the case, then this is an issue which intersects with both racial and gender considerations. If so, this is deeply troubling and causes me to raise questions I’ve asked before:
Should our Christian identity be defined by who we are not, by antagonism with other people? Or should it be rooted in our call to imitate Christ himself?
I know my answer (cf Gal 3, 1 Cor 1:1-18, Phil 2:1-12), what is yours?
On 1-6 Wheaton began termination proceedings for Dr. Hawkins.
Since this, I have found some additional interesting information that I believe sheds light on this incident.
First, I came across this Chicago Tribune article which notes that Hawkins has been targeted for censure on three previous occasions (not sure how I missed this one before).
Second, Dr. Hawkins has released her original letter of clarification to Provost Stanton Jones, which to me indicates she clearly affirms Wheaton’s Statement of Faith.
Lastly, Hawkins has released the original letter of inquiry she received from Jones himself.
I point the reader to this line at the beginning of the letter which seems to indicate the Provost believed himself to be responding to an engendered act.
This, to me, seems to contradict Wheaton and Ryken’s official statements and show that this is, in fact, about the hijab and thus about gender.
What do you think?
A faculty diversity committee at Wheaton College has sent a letter to the Provost calling the school’s actions against Dr. Hawkins, “discriminatory on the basis of race and gender, and, to a lesser extent, marital status.” The Provost has nevertheless recommended Hawkins for termination and will prosecute her at her termination hearing on February 9.
The Wheaton Record has published an enlightening Q & A with Dr. Hawkins regarding the actions Wheaton has taken against her.
The Wheaton Record has also published on its Facebook page a letter from 78 current faculty opposing the termination of Dr. Hawkins and asking that she be reinstated and the Provost rescind his recommendation for termination.
Professor Michael Mangis of Wheaton’s faculty has also stated that his own interactions with administration regarding this incident prove that race and gender are at play in this incident.
I also consider it notable that Franklin Graham has been very open about the pressures he is placing on Wheaton’s administration to fire Hawkins, as Graham has a history of making xenophobic remarks against Muslims.
Everything about this incident continues to point towards intentionally discriminatory treatement toward Dr. Hawkins on the part of Wheaton College administators based on the fact that she is a woman of color. These actions by administrators are deeply troubling and ought not occur at any academic institution, and especially not a Christian one which claims to celebrate diversity as much as Wheaton College does.
** Update 2/6/16**
Christianity Today just announced that Wheaton’s provost has moved to drop termination proceedings against Dr. Hawkins and has publically apologized. The decision on proceedings now lies with President Ryken.
Wheaton and Dr. Hawkins just released this disappointing news. They have reached a mutual and confidential agreement to part ways.
Here is Christianity Today’s report on this development.
9 thoughts on “Larycia Hawkins: Further Consideration”
I personally have a hard time separating the hijab from the patriarchal views underlying it, fully realizing that Hawkins doesn’t espouse those views.
I fully understand your concern. The hijab in the U.S. is a complicated thing. To western eyes, it represents only patriarchal oppression. But to man Muslim women it represents a choice of devotion to Allah, an outward symbol of their commitment. Likewise, in non-Western countries it is custom for all women, regardless of religion or patriarchal leanings to wear a head covering for a variety of reasons. I understand why it makes people uncomfortable.
From a Christian perspective, here are my thoughts. The cross in the Roman world was the ultimate shame. It was Rome’s emblem of power. They used the cross to crush rebellions and remind their conquered people what happened to dissenters and those who defied social order.
It is especially notable that Roman citizens could not be crucified. It was intended to shame and intimidate.
Now, for Jew, the cross was anathema. Only those most accursed by God, those rejected as blasphemers, we executed by hanging (crucifixion is actually death by asphyxiation).
Also, Jesus was crucified naked, a further shame for a Jewish male. He died as the beaten, the abandoned, the cursed, and the hated I solidarity with the sufferings, sins, and infirmities of humanity (Isa 52-53, 2 Cor 5).
Jesus represented the conquered, oppressed and shamed people of Roman occupation. He also embodied the sin of all by being cursed under the law (Gal 3).
Jesus assumed human shame, the human story. Regardless of whether hijab is a symbol of oppression, I don’t see assuming a symbol that might be considered shameful is still a Christ-like gesture.
Does that make sense?
If you haven’t already, I encourage you to read this as well.
That seems likely to me as well. After all, the “investigation” was initiated by the college following statements by Franklin Graham and a Christian Post story that both focused on the act of wearing the hijab.
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Would you by chance have links to those statements/articles readily available?
Christian Post article appeared publicly on 12/14, but its contents were probably available to Wheaton administrators at an earlier date, given that the Christian Post’s editorial bent would generally favor the sort of action that Wheaton took. http://www.christianpost.com/news/hijab-wearing-wheaton-college-prof-responds-to-critics-who-question-her-devotion-interview-152479/
I was unable to find a public record of any public statements that Graham made prior to Ryken’s press release. So, if there was something, it’s disappeared. Even so, Graham was on Facebook applauding Ryken’s decision shortly after its public announcement. The timing suggests that Graham likely knew that the Wheaton announcement was forthcoming, wrote a response in anticipation of that, and embargoed it until the public announcement was made. After all, when one considers the close connection of the Graham family to Wheaton, it’s hard to imaging that Graham’s public statements weren’t preceded by private discussions with Wheaton administrators and/or trustees. Further, it’s notable that Graham’s public statements on Facebook focus on the hijab. If Graham indeed had private conversations with Wheaton administrators or trustees, Graham’s Facebook post would be the most solid evidence of the actual content of those discussions–meaning that the hijab was the real issue, and that the doctrinal reasons were merely window-dressing.http://www.gospelherald.com/articles/60701/20151216/franklin-graham-slams-hijab-wearing-wheaton-college-professor-she-obviously-doesnt-know-her-bible-or-islam.htm
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Thank you. I updated the post to reflect Ryken’s position in the TGC